USADA announced today that Lance Armstrong has chosen not to move forward with the independent arbitration process and as a result has received a lifetime period of ineligibility and disqualification of all competitive results from August 1, 1998 through the present, as the result of his anti-doping rule violations stemming from his involvement in the United States Postal Service USPS Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy USPS Conspiracy.
Test Your Vocabulary. Image caption Lance Armstrong admitted systematic doping two years ago and was banned from sport for life. Less common is blood doping , where blood is removed from the body and injected back in to boost oxygen levels.
Comments on anti-doping What made you want to look up anti-doping? Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with:. Latest stories. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.
Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Most Popular 1. There's a full list of banned substances in athletics on the IAAF website. Definition of anti-doping.
Numerous witnesses provided evidence to USADA based on personal knowledge acquired, either through direct observation of doping activity by Armstrong or through Armstrong's admissions of doping to them that Armstrong used EPO, blood transfusions, testosterone and cortisone during the period from before 1998 through 2005, and that he had previously used EPO, testosterone and hGH through 1996.
More recently cyclist Lance Armstrong admitted to doping in an interview with Oprah Winfrey in January 2013. Join Our Free Trial Now! They're also addictive. Take the quiz Syn City Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Witnesses also provided evidence that Lance Armstrong gave to them, encouraged them to use and administered doping products or methods, including EPO, blood transfusions, testosterone and cortisone during the period from 1999 through 2005. Andersen et al.
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And then there are peptide hormones. Play the game. The most famous case of doping was at the Olympics in 1988 when Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson cruised to victory in the 100m in a world-record time of 9. Armstrong has received a lifetime period of ineligibility for his numerous anti-doping rule violations, including his involvement in trafficking and administering doping products to others. But what is doping?